Writing Activities to Help Students Understand Context, Grammar, and Vocabulary
Writing A-Z Cloze Stories provide fill-in-the-blank writing activities that allow students to use picture and context clues to write in missing story words, helping students understand the importance of context and strengthening their grammar and vocabulary. The missing words in each story focus on a specific element, such as nouns or verbs, to get students thinking critically about text and to monitor for meaning while reading.
Deleting cues in sentences for cloze activities gives students the opportunity to strengthen reading and writing skills through predicting word choice. Grammar cloze activities function by removing a particular part of speech. Students must understand what part of speech is missing and fill in the blank.
Each cloze activity strengthens students' abilities to identify the part of speech, use it appropriately, and better understand its role in sentences. Each cloze story also helps students build their vocabulary by providing multiple contexts for practice.
How to Use Cloze Stories
Use the printable or projectable version of each cloze story for students to practice different parts of speech. Have students fill in the blanks as a whole class, in small groups, or individually. English Language Learners (ELLs) and students that need grammar intervention greatly benefit from cloze activities.
Have students create cloze activities from their own writing to practice with different parts of speech, replace tired or overused words, and increase vocabulary.
- Have students choose a piece of their writing. Then choose a part of speech and have students mask it by placing a small sticky note over it. Ask pairs of students to trade compositions and try to fill in the appropriate part of speech.
- Have students identify words, such as adjectives or verbs, which repeat in their writing. Cover each overused word with a small sticky note. Ask students to think of new words to replace the words they use frequently.
- Have students try replacing words in their compositions with their definitions and ask a partner to figure out what word fits.